Hizb' ut-Tahir

Alternative Names
The Islamic Party of Liberalisation


Summary

Threat to Kyrgyzstan

Currently Low, the groups is active throughout Central Asia. However, despite claims to the contrary at present the group does not seem to be involved in terrorist activity. At present it is recruiting members and trying to avoid government attention. However the group has not completely ruled out violence and if the region becomes unstable it may pose a threat.

Location

Widespread throughout Central Asia and has a presence in Xinjiang Province China. It is an international group and has a presence in over 20 countries. Its main base is in Western Europe.

Leadership

Sheikh ShaykhAta Abu Rashta  has been the Ameer of Hizb’ut-Tahrir and global leader since 2003. Hizb’ut-Tahrir has a party structure with roles with designated functions. Each territory has its own Ameer in charge.

Membership

Membership numbers are unknown, however as it is a transnational religious-political organisation it is suspected to be large.

Funding

Little is known of the groups funding activates. Itseems to take donations from its members who have jobs and is suspected oftaking donations.

Ideology and Objective

Hizb’ut-Tahrir are a pan-Islamic political group. They claim to be a solely political party that only works by non-violent means. The group appears to be Sunni however is tolerant of Shia. The group rejects secular states and democracy but does not reject modern technology

The group’s main objective is the creation of an Islamic Caliphate that covers the Muslim world, which is ruled by pure Islamic doctrine. Although its current focus is on the creation of a caliphate in central Asia focused on the Fergana Valley.

Tactics

Political debate, recruitment, and campaigning. Most of its activity in Central Asia revolves around recruiting more members without challenging the authorities.


Major Attacks:

Claims to be a nonviolent group, although many countries have banned it due to its radical ideology.

Russia and Central Asian nations have claimed Hizb’ut-Tahrir have conducted attacks. However, no known element of Hizb’ut-Tahrir has ever claimed responsibility. Although a few members have been linked to other terror groups, nevertheless this seems to be individual cases rather than a systematic approach.


History

  • Hizb’ut-Tahrir was founded in Jerusalem in 1953 by a judge, Taqiuddin alNabhani.
  • The group started to spread to other Arab countries in the 1950s and spread the da'wah.
  • Most predominately Muslim nations have imprisoned its members: Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Tunisia.
  • While others have killed some of its members: Syria, Iraq and Libya.
  • The group has a presence in many non-Muslim majority countries. It’s current base is in western Europe.
  • Due to the groups supranational approach and its refusal to be involved in local politics means that it very difficult for the group to be taken over by regional leaders.
  • As the group is opposed to democracy it does not behave like a traditional political party. It will not be involved in a nations politics or take part in elections.
  • The group is not fundamentally opposed to violence in the traditional sense of non-violence. It does not think that is currently necessary. To put this in greater perspective, Hizb’ut-Tahriris supportive of the concept of jihad.
  • Most Central Asian nations have banned Hizb’ut-Tahrir and actively attempt to disrupt their activities. While the group is currently allowed in most western nations, it is treated with great suspicion by most governments. It has been accused of being a recruiter of terrorists, as well as an apologist for terrorist activities.
  • It has been accused by various nations of attacks. In 1999 Uzbekistan blamed the group for a series of bomb blasts in Tashkent.
  • Central Asian nations, particularly Kyrgyzstan make frequent arrests claiming they are Hizb’ut-Tahrir members. Although it seems the threat of Hizb’ut-Tahrir is often used to cover other motives for arrest, or to exaggerate the threat of terrorism for political purposes.
  • Kyrgyzstan designated Hizb’ut-Tahrir as a terrorist organisation in 2003.
  • In 2004 Russia’s FSB said that it had uncovered a suspected cell affiliated to Hizb’ut-Tahrir. Claiming more cells were active and that they were armed.
  • The USA and UK currently do not class Hizb’ut-Tahrir as a terrorist organisation as it has yet to be found to either funding terrorist activates or conducting attacks.
  • Hizb’ut-Tahrir members have been accused of forming a conduit for Islamic extremists to travel to Syria.

Designed by Oliver McGough
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