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Almazbek Atambayev was born in the northern Kyrgyzstan village of Arashan on the 17th September 1956. He gained his degree in economics from the Moscow institute of Management and then went into the business world, specialising in manufacturing and publishing.
Atambayev served in the Supreme Council of the Kyrgyz Socialist Republic between 1983-87. He then went on to become one of the founding members of the Social Democratic Party (SDPK) in 1993, becoming the party’s chairmen which led him to make a bid for the presidency of the Kyrgyz Republic in 2000. He failed, winning 6% of the vote. He also became Head of the Ministry of industry trade and tourism between 2005-06, culminating in him become Prime Minister under President Bakiyev in 2007. This despite being one of the leaders of anti-government (Bakiyev) protests in 2006. In 2008 Atambayev was elected head of the United People’s Movement, which is a political umbrella group that consists of various parties and factions that were opposed to President Bakiyev. In 2009 Atambayev made another bid for the presidency, winning 8% of the vote. However, the election was marred by widespread voting irregularities as well as suspected electoral fraud.
After the period of instability surrounding Presidents Bakiyev’s ejection from power, Atambayev became deputy chairmen of the interim government from April 2010 to December 2010. This occurred because the Social Democratic Party formed a coalition after a new parliamentary constitution had been submitted. He ran for the president’s office for the third time in October 2011 and won the majority of the vote, 63%, which marked the first peaceful transition of the presidency in the republic.
Atambayev is known to desire good relations with Russia, shown by Kyrgyzstan joining the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) in 2015. However, Kyrgyzstan maintains a good relation with the USA , despite not extending the lease of Manas military transit centre in 2014.
1983-87 - Member of Supreme Council of the Kyrgyz SSR
July 1999 – Chairmen and founding member of Social Democratic Party
October 2000 – Unsuccessful electoral bid for Presidency, 6% vote
December 2005 – April 2006 – Head of the Ministry of industry trade and tourism
November 2006 – One of the leaders of anti-government protests
March – November 2007 – Prime Minister under President Bakiyev, resigned due to corruption
December 2008 – Elected head of the United Peoples Movement
April 2009 – Unsuccessful electoral bid for Presidency, withdrew because of election fraud, 8% vote
April 2010 – Named acting first deputy chairmen of provisional government of Kyrgyzstan
December 2011 – Elected President